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Page updated September 1, 2022. This is a highly abridged version of all the things that happened to and around The Who in July. Click the INDEX button at the bottom for access to the full history.

September 1948

New music releases: "Buttons and Bows" - Dinah Shore; "It's Too Soon to Know" - The Orioles; "Sneakin' Around" - Rudy Render; "Cuanto la gusta" - The Andrews Sisters
Baby Kenney Jones Baby Kenney Jones

On the 16th, Kenney Jones is born in London.

September 1951

New music releases: "Sin (It's No Sin)" - Eddy Howard & His Orchestra; "Fool, Fool, Fool" - The Clovers; "Undecided" - The Ames Brothers; "I'm in the Mood" - John Lee Hooker

It is around this time that Pete's parents go on tour and put Pete in the care of his grandmother, a woman Pete later discovered was "clinically insane". Pete believes he suffered abuse at her hands which he subsequently blacked out of his memory but which later influenced his writing of Tommy and other works as well as his path in life.

September 1961

New music releases: The Highwaymen - The Highwaymen; "Big Bad John" - Jimmy Dean; Breakfast at Tiffany's - Henry Mancini; Joan Baez, Vol. 2 - Joan Baez
Ealing Art College 1954 Ealing Art College 1954

Pete starts a 2-year introductory course at Ealing Technical College and School of Art. Around this time, John runs into Roger who recruits him as bass player in his group The Detours. Meanwhile, Keith takes night classes in electronics at Harrow Technical College. Their future manager Kit Lambert returns to England after the disastrous Brazilian expedition that led to his friend's death.

September 1962

New music releases: "Green Onions" - Booker T & The MGs; Joan Baez in Concert - Joan Baez; "Bobby's Girl" - Susan Maughan; "It'll Be Me" - Cliff Richard
Two band impact! Two band impact!

On the 6th, The Detours get a feature article in the Acton Gazette and Post, their first ever press mention, in a review of the Gala Ball of the 1st. The paper says the "Detours" jazz group provided "the gist of the twist."

Pete starts his second year of art school. It is during this year that Pete makes friends with fellow students Richard Barnes (who will name The Who) and Tom Wright from Alabama, who will turn Pete onto grass as well as record after record of U.S. jazz, blues and R&B.

September 1964

New music releases: "Baby Love" - The Supremes; People - Barbra Streisand; "Ain't That Loving You Baby" - Elvis Presley; My Fair Lady - Andy Williams

Additional High Numbers dates for the month are the Trade Union Hall in Watford (19th), and the Town Hall in Greenwich (23rd and 30th). Kit Lambert got the Numbers booked in Greenwich in a failed attempt to expand their base beyond London. Part of that failure was advertising the group with a flyer reading "The High Numbers - The Worst in Family Entertainment". According to reports, some people thinking the High Numbers meant Bingo would be played!.

On the 22nd Roger becomes the first member of the band to become a father as his son Simon is born at the Downs, Wimbledon. The proud father celebrates that night by singing with his band at the Trade Union Hall in Watford.

September 1965

New music releases: "The Sounds of Silence" - Simon & Garfunkel; "Yesterday" - The Beatles; Going Places - Herb Alpert & The Tijuana Brass; "Get Off My Cloud" - The Rolling Stones

On the 2nd, while trying to buy a guard dog for their van at the Battersea Dogs' Home, the Who's van is stolen from the parking lot. The van is soon recovered but with a door and £5,000 of equipment missing.

On the 10th, Life magazine prints an article on The Beatles. Ringo, asked if The Beatles are a "pop-art" band, says that would be The Who. "It's a new group. When they play they slowly smash their instruments to bits."

Ringo, Maureen, Zak Ringo, Maureen, Zak

On the 13th, Ringo unknowingly makes a contribution to that band as his wife Maureen gives birth to their son Zak Starkey. Thirty-one years later, Zak will become The Who's primary drummer.

The Who at Studio Bellevue, Amsterdam 1965 The Who at Studio Bellevue, Amsterdam 1965

On the 20th The Who fly to Amsterdam to perform live for Dutch TV (AVRO Broadcast Association) at Studio Bellevue. The technicians can't get The Who's loud sound balanced and refuse to give Roger whisky to soothe his throat (he'd caught a cold on the boat over) telling him, "you sing or you leave the studio." The first half of the show is broadcast the next evening on Nederland 2.

On the 21st, The Who play for 450 people at a restaurant next to a roller skating rink in The Hague. Having brought no amplifiers, they have to borrow equipment from the group The Hajues but eight songs later The Who have damaged their loaners too badly to continue. The promoters somehow manage to talk two other groups, The Golden Earrings and The Empty Hearts to loan some of their equipment so the show can be finished. The Dutch magazine Boulevard reports that throughout the evening The Who are "in discussion with female fans" in the nearby bushes!

On the 23rd, Pete has a rude awakening after going out drinking with some locals. "They invited me back to their flat for the night but when I woke up the next morning there was a policeman standing by the bed and it was then I discovered they'd all gone and it wasn't their place at all." Pete talks his way out of the situation.

The Who at HB Hallen, Copenhagen 1965 The Who at HB Hallen, Copenhagen 1965

On the 25th, The Who arrive in Denmark to begin their first Danish tour with a 9pm show at the Folkets Hus in Elsinore then rush 20 miles to Copenhagen to play the KB Hallen at Midnight, this set with loaner equipment from the Swedish band The Lee Kings. According to a member of The Namelosers, a Swedish pop band, Roger bursts into the dressing room after the second show and headbutts Keith in the nose because Keith had been playing too loud.

The Who at Aarhaus Hallen 1965 The Who at Aarhaus Hallen 1965

The next night The Who play an 8pm show at the Aarhus Hallen in Aarhus...or rather they attempt to. The audience pelts the opening acts with bottles and trash and turns into a rioting mob by the time The Who take the stage. The band makes it through half of one song before fleeing for their lives as the audience storms the stage and smashes the instruments. Pete later calls it "the best concert we ever played in Denmark."

Backstage Roger angrily blames the others for the group's problems calling them "pillheads," at the time an accurate description. Roger grabs Keith's supply of speed tablets and flushes them down the toilet. Keith goes for Roger's throat. Security has to be called in to remove the singer's pummeling fists from the drummer. Nevertheless they all rush to Aalborg, taking the Fredrikstorv stage to play a 9:30pm show.

A sullen Who travel back to the U.K. where Pete, John and Keith demand that Roger be kicked out of the Who. The managers talk them into allowing Roger to continue for now while they look for another singer.

September 1966

New music releases: "Knock on Wood" - Eddie Floyd; The Mamas & The Papas - The Mamas & The Papas; Bert Kampfert's Greatest Hits - Bert Kaempfert and His Orchestra; The Best of The Lettermen - The Lettermen
Pete Townshend John Entwistle backstage Felixstowe Pete Townshend John Entwistle backstage Felixstowe
Photo: Chris Morphet

Wednesday is spent at the Locarno Ballroom in Stevenage (7th) and Friday at the Pier Pavilion in Felixstowe (9th). The latter show and the car ride to it are filmed for the French television programme Seize Millions de Jeunes.

Kit Lambert and Chris Stamp Sept 1966 Kit Lambert and Chris Stamp Sept 1966

The Who's managers, Kit Lambert and Chris Stamp, meanwhile, are busy setting up their own label, to be called Track Records and distributed by Polydor. The Who will ultimately be moved to the label and The Who are encouraged to look for new talent for signage.

Disc and Music Echo says The Who are halfway through recording their new album that will include the songs "Disguises," "Happy Jack" and "King Rabbit." In the same issue Pete says that he was the first guitarist to deliberately use guitar feedback and he is upset when he hears credit given to The Beatles or The Yardbirds.

Pete Townshend Disc and Music Echo 17 Sept1966 Pete Townshend Disc and Music Echo 17 Sept1966

Roger is interviewed in the Record Mirror of the 17th and says The Who have already recorded the tracks "So Sad About Us," "Heat Wave" and his favorite track "Disguises," all intended for The Who's forthcoming LP. Pete reviews The Beach Boys' landmark album Pet Sounds in the same issue of Record Mirror. Despite his later remarks (2011), at the time he didn't care for it calling it "too remote and way-out. It's written for a feminine audience."

Jimi Hendrix in 1966 Jimi Hendrix in 1966

On the 24th, former Animal Chas Chandler lands in the U.K. with his new American discovery, guitarist Jimi Hendrix. Sometime during the next few days, according to John, Jimi gives a performance at a local club accompanied by John on bass. Perhaps he tells The Who's managers because, on the 27th, they attend a Hendrix performance at the Scotch of St. James Club. Chandler has heard about the Track Records' startup (Hendrix originally wanted to sign with Decca because The Who were on Decca in the U.S.). After hearing Hendrix play, Lambert and Stamp try to talk him into letting them be his managers but Chandler, naturally, refuses so they sign Hendrix as their first act for Track.

With the U.S. tour cancelled and no British shows lined up, The Who return to the studio for more LP work. During this period they record "Showbiz Sonata," an instrumental track credited to Keith Moon but with melody filched by John from a track off The Man From Interpol soundtrack album. It is later retitled "Cobwebs and Strange."

On the 30th, "I'm a Boy" hits its official U.K. chart peak at #2. Jim Reeves' "Distant Drums" keeps it from the #1 spot.

September 1967

New music releases: "What a Wonderful World" - Louis Armstrong; Strange Days - The Doors; "To Sir With Love" - Lulu; "Soul Man" - Sam & Dave
Roger Daltrey Los Angeles Free Press 1967 Roger Daltrey Los Angeles Free Press 1967

On the 8th, Bill Kerby of the Los Angeles Free Press interviews Roger. Kerby says, "If I were an agent, I wouldn't book Jesus Christ doing a guest set with The Beatles to come on after The Who."

Who Steal the Show Who Steal the Show

The Hermits' tour reconvenes at the Convention Center in Anaheim, California on the 8th where The Sundowners and The Strawberry Alarm Clock appear before The Who. Both Pete and John smash their instruments at this show. According to the NME: "Although Herman's Hermits were top-billed, their English brethren proved to be the top draw, as a large proportion of the audience left before the Hermits came on, and all but the youngest of those who stayed did so out of curiosity rather than idolatry." The tour winds up with a last show in Hawaii at the Honolulu International Center Arena. While there Keith tries to surf for the first and last time. He manages to stand up for a few seconds before falling off and getting hit in the head by the flying board.

Melody Maker 9 Sep 1967 Melody Maker 9 Sep 1967

On the 9th, in Melody Maker, Chris Welch rates seven guitarists and declares Pete's influence on other British rock groups "imponderable."

The Who Smothers Brothers The Who Smothers Brothers

On the 15th, The Who tape their appearance on the U.S. variety show The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour at CBS Studios, Los Angeles. They mime to "I Can See For Miles" and a newly-recorded version of "My Generation" with a little scripted banter with host Tommy Smothers in between.

"My Generation" was to have concluded with an instrument smashing and the usual flashpots going off behind the amps but Keith bribes a stagehand into packing his bass drum with explosives. The explosion blows out the front of the drum kit directly into Pete's head, catching his hair on fire and permanently damaging his hearing. A cymbal knocked backward by the blast hits Keith in the arm, opening a gash. The entire melee airs on the 17th and later opens The Who's film The Kids Are Alright. This was The Who's only appearance on a major U.S. television variety show.

On the 17th, The Who return to London after two months in North America. John borrows $100 to fly home first class. Two months of touring opening for Herman's Hermits paid The Who $40,000. By the time they return home they have burned through all that and are now $5000 in debt.

Now that they are home, Chris Stamp invites Pete to the Track Records office where Chris has put together a preliminary track list for The Who's first LP on the Track Records label. Pete says it needs more songs "and more time away from Keith Moon and Holiday Inns to write them."

I Can See For Miles US ad I Can See For Miles US ad

On the 18th, Decca releases "I Can See For Miles" backed with one of the August takes of "Mary Anne With The Shaky Hands." Decca gives the single a huge push, rushing it to stores to capitalize on the Smothers Brothers appearance and sending 250,000 color portraits of the band to radio stations. It becomes the biggest hit single of their career in the U.S. reaching #9 in the Billboard charts and #8 in Cash Box as well as hitting #1 on many regional charts.

September 1968

New music releases: "All Along the Watchtower" - The Jimi Hendrix Experience; "Little Green Apples" - O.C. Smith; "Stand By Your Man" - Tammy Wynette; "Magic Carpet Ride" - Steppenwolf
John Entwistle Magic Bus John Entwistle Magic Bus Pete Townshend Roger Daltrey at Magic Bus shoot Pete Townshend Roger Daltrey at Magic Bus shoot

Around this time photos are taken by Australian photographer Barry Peake of The Who gathered around a psychedelic bus. Pete later says he was told by Decca/MCA that the pictures were to promote the single "Magic Bus" when the label knew they were for the non-band-approved U.S. compilation album Magic Bus - The Who On Tour.

On the 19th, The Who begin what will ultimately become six months of recording sessions for Tommy. One of the songs definitely recorded around this time during sessions in IBC Studio A, London are various takes of Mose Allison's "Young Man Blues," probably intended as a single. The takes come out after the release of Tommy, the first on the 1969 Track Records compilation The House That Track Built.

Pete Townshend Melody Maker 21 Sep 1968 Pete Townshend Melody Maker 21 Sep 1968

On the 21st, Melody Maker prints an interview with Pete where he comes out for the first time as being against LSD: "Before I took LSD, I tried to imagine what it would be like and when I did it was as big as I expected and blew my head off. So, if I could imagine what it would be like, what is the point of taking it? All drugs do is strengthen the illusion of what you see around you. If you see a piece of orange peel lying on the pavement, it's stupid to try and see it as anything other than a piece of orange peel. Things do tend to get out of perspective." He also mentions the planned Live at the Fillmore album: "it came out pretty badly. We’re not as good as [Cream]. We jump about too much, which people expect from us on stage, and you can't play so well."

On the 28th, "Magic Bus" hits its U.S. chart peak at #25 in Billboard. Also on the 28th, Cash Box has an ad for Magic Bus: The Who on Tour among other albums released in the new 8-track cartridge and cassette formats.

September 1969

New music releases: Abbey Road - The Beatles; Through The Past, Darkly (Big Hits Vol. 2) - The Rolling Stones; "Wedding Bell Blues" - The 5th Dimension; Get Ready - Rare Earth
The House That Track Built The House That Track Built

On the 1st, the Track Records compilation album The House That Track Built is released in the U.K. only. Included on the disc is an out-take from Tommy, a studio recording of Mose Allison's "Young Man Blues", that will remain otherwise unreleased for decades.

On the 5th, Keith and John attend a screening of Richard Stanley's student movie Lone Ranger at the International Film Festival in Edinburgh. Pete appears in the film and provides music for the soundtrack.

The Who at Concertgebouw 1969 The Who at Concertgebouw 1969
Photo: Laurens van Houten

On the 29th is the first of Who manager Kit Lambert's attempts to ram Tommy down the throats of the highbrows by having The Who perform it at famous opera houses and concert halls. The Who's show at the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is partly filmed and broadcast on the show Journaal for Dutch television while the entire concert is simulcast on AVRO radio. Bootlegs of this simulcast are released under a wide variety of titles.

September 1970

New music releases: Abraxas - Santana; Paranoid - Black Sabbath; After The Gold Rush - Neil Young; Get Your Ya-Ya's Out! - The Rolling Stones

The Who stay in a hotel in Frankfurt where Pete picks up hotel stationary on which he writes the original draft of the song "Love Ain't For Keeping." He also writes "Pure and Easy" around this time, called "The Note" at this early stage.

See Me Feel Me US picture sleeve See Me Feel Me US picture sleeve

On the 26th, "See Me Feel Me" backed with "Overture From Tommy" hits the U.S. charts. The 16-month old A-side is released to cash in on the popularity of the movie Woodstock and becomes one of The Who's biggest U.S. hits reaching #12 in Billboard and #8 in Cash Box.

Starting on the 28th and ending on the 30th, Pete writes out the scenario for The Who's next project, the film Lifehouse. "OVERTURE: The farmers — Life — Beauty — Celebration, LIFEHOUSE: The City — Rock — Youth against finance — Individuals working for the whole, GLORIFICATION: They disappear — they triumph, leaving everyone behind." He sends a copy to co-manager Chris Stamp along with details on how the members of The Who would fit into the movie and how filming might be handled.

September 1971

New music releases: Imagine - John Lennon; Santana III - Santana; Greatest Hits, Vol. 2 - Johnny Cash; "Gypsies, Tramps & Thieves" - Cher
International Times 9 Sept 1971 International Times 9 Sept 1971

On the 9th, International Times magazine publishes a statement attacking the song "Won't Get Fooled Again" for its negative view of the Revolution. "...the danger in the new single seems to be that it fails to differentiate between the megalomanias and the courageous individual who is prepared to stand up and voice the sentiment 'fuck you' to authority."

On the 11th, Who's Next hits its peak on the Billboard charts at #4, repeating the position the next week. Keeping the record from the top spot are Every Picture Tells a Story by Rod Stewart, Every Good Boy Deserves Favour by The Moody Blues and Tapestry by Carole King.

On the 18th Who's Next hits #1 in the British charts; The Who's only official #1 in Britain. Meanwhile, "Won't Get Fooled Again" peaks at #15 on the U.S. Billboard charts, repeating in the same position the next week.

International Times 23 Sept 1971 International Times 23 Sept 1971

On the 23rd, International Times prints Pete's response to the attack on "Won't Get Fooled Again". He describes the song as "...mainly a song which screams defiance at those who feel that any cause is better than no cause, that death in a sick society is better than putting up with it or resigning themselves to wait for change."

Melody Maker 25 Sept 1971 Melody Maker 25 Sept 1971

Also on the 25th in Melody Maker, Pete warns of a change coming soon in rock but doesn't know what direction it will be. "I don't think rock music is keeping up with the audience's demands. Nowadays there are different kinds of audience: the ones who like rock because of its glamour, the extreme left-wingers who use it as a political vehicle and the intellectuals who see in rock a high intellectual content. There is definitely a need for the barriers between an audience and the group to breakdown." In the same issue a fan attacks The Who for their high ticket prices calling them capitalists hiding behind a banner of anti-materialism. The letter is sparked by the outrageous ticket prices for The Who's upcoming tour, some as high as £3.50.

September 1972

New music releases: Summer Breeze - Seals & Crofts; Rocky Mountain High - John Denver; Close To The Edge - Yes; Black Sabbath - Vol. 4 - Black Sabbath
The Who Munich poster 1972 The Who Munich poster 1972

The Who continue their European tour stopping at the Stadthalle in Vienna on the 2nd and the Deutsches Museum in Munich on the 4th. Munich is later released on bootlegs under the titles Live In Munich and Who Is This? The Munich concert coincides with the Olympics and The Who are honored as "Star of the Week" by the Munich Abendzeitung who declare them "extraordinary performers in the cultural and political field." By horrible coincidence, within hours of the concert Palestinian terrorists seize the living quarters of the Israel Olympic team. Eleven of the athletes are later murdered by the terrorists.

The Who Fete de l'Humanite 1972 The Who Fete de l'Humanite 1972
Photo: Michael Putland

On the 9th, The Who are the main performers at Fete de l'Humanité, an annual event sponsored by the chief newspaper of the French Communist Party. Four hundred thousand attend and the concert is filmed by Freddy Hausser. Pete takes Eric Clapton with him as part of his effort to get him off heroin and back in circulation. During The Who's set, Eric is mistaken for a fan and is escorted from the wings by one of the stage crew.

William David Ormsby-Gore William David Ormsby-Gore

Pete meets with William David Ormsby-Gore, 5th Baron Harlech whose daughter is Eric Clapton's girlfriend and also a heroin user. Lord Harlech is organizing events commemorating England's entry into the Common Market and, as part of it, he and Pete set up a concert for Eric at the Rainbow Theatre in London. It is hoped that the pressure of preparing for a live show will force Eric to clean up.

Ramport Studios in 2010 Ramport Studios in 2010

On the 25th, The Who purchase an abandoned warehouse at 115 Thessaly Road in Battersea to turn into a recording studio and a storage shed for their thirty tons of touring equipment. It will eventually be named Ramport Studios.

Rolling Stone has a short interview with Pete about his forthcoming Who Came First LP and plans for the new Who album.

Who Came First Who Came First

On the 29th, Pete releases the album Who Came First as a solo album although it is primarily a compilation of demo tracks recorded over the past two years for The Who and previously released selections from the Meher Baba albums Happy Birthday and I Am. Most reviewers find it pleasant listening with Records and Recording magazine praising Pete for a religious album that is not insipid. The album reaches #30 in the U.K. In the U.S., Who Came First is not released until early November where it peaks at #69.

September 1973

New music releases: "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road" - Elton John; "The Way We Were" - Barbra Steisand; "Top of the World" - The Carpenters; "Photograph" - Ringo Starr

On the 6th, a group meeting of The Who is held at the offices of Goodman, Michaels, and Rosten at Sparc House, 86 Gloucester Place, London. Roger announces that he has had an independent accounting survey made of The Who's managers Kit Lambert and Chris Stamp and has found significant mismanagement and fraud. Roger follows it with an ultimatum: either they go or he goes. This sparks a three-year financial war between The Who and their management and a long-simmering antagonism between Roger and Pete, the latter trying to delay the severing of ties to The Who's management for as long as he can.

Eric Clapton's Rainbow Concert LP Eric Clapton's Rainbow Concert LP

On the 28th, Eric Clapton's Rainbow Concert, recorded live that January with Pete on rhythm guitar, is released. It is mixed and produced by The Who's soundman Bob Pridden. In the Billboard charts it reaches #18, but fails to chart in the U.K.

Mandy and Kim Moon 1973 Mandy and Kim Moon 1973
Photo: Peter Butler

On the 29th, Keith's wife Kim, finally having had enough of his insane way of living, leaves him and takes their seven year old daughter, Mandy. It makes the London papers the next day.

September 1975

New music releases: Wish You Were Here - Pink Floyd; Windsong - John Denver; Ted Nugent - Ted Nugent; "Island Girl" - Elton John

On the 16th the new Who album, originally to be entitled "Car Tunes" but with the title changed to The Who By Numbers, receives its final mastering at IBC Studios, London. John, referring to the album's generally downbeat tone, later says the title was changed because "basically the songs weren't the kind you'd play in the car unless you wanted to drive off a bridge."

September 1976

New music releases: Songs In The Key of Life - Stevie Wonder; Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap - AC/DC; The Song Remains the Same - Led Zeppelin; One More For the Road - Lynyrd Skynyrd
The Story of The Who LP The Story of The Who LP Win The Who's Pinball Machine Win The Who's Pinball Machine

On the 24th, Polydor Records releases The Story of The Who worldwide except for the U.S. and Canada. The "story" is a bit limited as none of the 1965 tracks produced by Shel Talmy are included and neither are any tracks from Quadrophenia. Nevertheless the album reaches #2 in the U.K. charts. To promote the album, The Sun runs a contest to "Win The Who's Pinball Machine" to be presented personally by John.

September 1977

New music releases: The Stranger - Billy Joel; Elton John's Greatest Hits Volume II - Elton John; Simple Dreams - Linda Ronstadt; Aja - Steely Dan
Rough Mix LP Rough Mix LP

On the 5th, Pete's album made in conjunction with Ronnie Lane, Rough Mix, is released in the U.S. The U.K. release follows on the 16th. Dave Marsh in Rolling Stone calls it a successful blend of spiritual feelings and art. Positive reviews also come from Phil McNeill in New Musical Express, John Swenson in Circus, David Sargent in Vogue, Steve Simels in Stereo Review and Billy Altman in Creem who calls it one of the year's best albums. It reaches #44 in the U.K. charts and #45 in the U.S.

On the 12th, Keith ends his three year on-and-off residency in Los Angeles for good. After his arrival in London he tries to go cold turkey from alcohol and drugs to prepare for the upcoming Who recording, but it prompts another seizure and he has to be hospitalized for a few days. When he comes out his beard of the recent year has been shaved off.

Melody Maker 17 Sep 1977 Melody Maker 17 Sep 1977

On the 17th, Pete and Ronnie Lane discuss their new album and their love of Meher Baba in Melody Maker. Pete also blasts the punk rock group The Stranglers who had been critical of The Who but shows his sympathy with punk rock. "In my imagination I invented punk rock a thousand times. I thought the hypocrisy of the position we were in was just unbelievable."

On the 19th, The Who reunite at Ramport Studios in London to begin rehearsals for the Who Are You album.

September 1978

New music releases: Pieces of Eight - Styx; Parallel Lines - Blondie; Living in the USA - Linda Ronstadt; "Le Freak" - Chic
Keith Moon and Anette last photo Keith Moon and Anette last photo
Photo: Ron Galella

On the 6th, Keith and his girlfriend Anette Walter-Lax attend a party held by Paul McCartney at Peppermint Park, London. They share a table with the McCartneys, David Frost, John Hurt, and Kenney Jones. At midnight, they attend the London premiere of the new film The Buddy Holly Story at the Odeon in Leicester Square where Keith and Anette are photographed as they enter. After 45 minutes, Keith tells Anette he wants to go home and they leave. Pictures of Keith leaving will be his last.

When they get home Anette cooks a meal of lamb cutlets. Keith goes to sleep watching a videotape recording of The Abominable Dr. Phibes. On the 7th, around 7:30am Keith wakes up and demands that Anette cook him a steak. He watches some more Phibes while he eats. After he finishes he goes right back to sleep. Anette awakes from the couch at 3:40pm and goes into Keith's bedroom finding him face down on the bed. She is unable to awaken him so she calls Keith's doctor Geoffrey Dymond who administers CPR, which also fails. Keith Moon is pronounced dead on arrival at Middlesex Hospital, Westminister. He is 32 years old.

Who manager Bill Curbishley's wife Jackie calls Keith at 5pm to set up a meeting and is the first of The Who camp to get the bad news. She calls Pete who then calls Roger. Pete: "He's gone and done it". Roger: "Done what?" Pete: "Moon". John is in the middle of an interview with reporters at his home when Pete calls him. He tries to keep the news to himself, but when asked about the future of The Who, John breaks down, sobbing.

Rolling Stone Oct. 5, 1978 Rolling Stone Oct. 5, 1978

On the same day, a new issue of Rolling Stone hits the stands with a cover story about The Who written by Dave Marsh. In an interview Keith talks about his new enthusiasm about The Who and the need to discipline his life.

Who press release on Keith Moon's death Who press release on Keith Moon's death

On the 8th, twenty-four hours after Keith's death, Pete, John and Roger have a meeting at Shepperton Studios and afterwards, Pete puts out a press release stating that The Who will carry on without Keith. "We are more determined than ever to carry on, and we want the spirit of the group to which Keith contributed so much to go on, although no human being can ever take his place".

On the 9th, preliminary reports from the post mortem show that Keith died from an overdose of the drug Heminevrin. At the Knebworth Festival, Clem Burke of the group Blondie, kicks over his drum set at the end of Blondie's concert, announcing "That's For Keith Moon!" The Tubes end their set with a Who medley.

On the 10th, The Sunday Times of London says that Heminevrin should only be given to a patient while in hospital and wonders how Keith could have been prescribed self-administered tablets.

Pete Townshend John Entwistle at Moon funeral Pete Townshend John Entwistle at Moon funeral Roger Daltrey at Moon funeral Roger Daltrey at Moon funeral

On the 13th, Pete, Roger and John attend Moon's funeral at Golders Green Crematorium. Also there are Eric Clapton, Charlie Watts, Bill Wyman, Keith's mom, ex-wife Kim and daughter Mandy. Anette collapses during the service and has to be helped away. Roger sends a floral tribute representing a champagne bottle through a television screen. Wreaths are also sent by Oliver Reed, Led Zeppelin, The Rolling Stones, David Bowie, Fleetwood Mac and Keith's favorite charity, Make Children Happy.

International Musician Oct. 1978 International Musician Oct. 1978

International Musician and Recording World has a Keith Moon interview as its cover story. In his last magazine interview, a quite sober Keith discusses how he plans to adapt his drumming to cope with the new synthesized drum kits and how the big band drummers of the swing era were a bigger influence on his style than rock 'n' roll drummers. He adds that work on The Who's films is keeping him busy. The last line, concerning future Who concerts, is "We've just got so much to do first".

On the 18th, the coroner's inquest into Keith's death is held. It is determined that death was caused by an accidental overdose of prescribed Heminevrin tablets, that there had been a "minimal" amount of alcohol in his bloodstream, and that Moon was not in a suicidal state at the time of his death. There were 26 undissolved Heminevrin tablets found in his stomach out of a total of 32 Keith ingested that night.

On the 21st, principal photography begins on the film version of Quadrophenia.

September 1979

New music releases: The Long Run - The Eagles; Fresh Aire III - Mannheim Steamroller; Head Games - Foreigner; Kenny - Kenny Rogers
The Who ticket 10 Sep 1979

On the 10th, the new Who with Kenney Jones on drums and John "Rabbit" Bundrick on keyboards and a horn section, makes its U.S. debut at the Capitol Theater in Passaic, New Jersey. This show features the live premiere of John's "Trick of the Light". Another show follows the next night.

The Who Madison Square Garden Sep 1979 The Who Madison Square Garden Sep 1979

Having prepped the show for Manhattan, The Who move to Madison Square Garden for a five night stand on the 13th, 14th, 16th, 17th and 18th. On the second night The Who are awarded the Gold Ticket for selling over 100,000 tickets at the venue.

September 1980

New music releases: Kenny Rogers' Greatest Hits - Kenny Rogers; Guilty - Barbra Streisand; Blizzard of Ozz - Ozzy Osbourne; "Crazy Train" - Ozzy Osbourne
The Who here for depositions The Who here for depositions

On the 3rd and 4th The Who and manager Bill Curbishley quietly return to Cincinnati to give their depositions in a $1.2 million lawsuit brought by Todd Volkman, a survivor of the crush outside Riverfront Coliseum before The Who's 1979 concert. The depositions are held at the Cincinnati Club. The proceedings get very emotional with John reduced to tears at one point. Pete later says he found it odd that Volkman's attorney questions him as if he were some stereotypically moronic rock star. Another oddity is that just as the band are giving their testimony a group of women in a building across the street, visible only to those sitting in the chair to be questioned, begin parading around naked! The next day Volkman's attorney is interviewed in The Cincinnati Enquirer. He says that the 14 lawsuits against the Coliseum, the promoters and The Who could total "substantially over $100 million."

Without Your Love sheetmusic Without Your Love sheetmusic

On the 20th, Roger's second single from his McVicar LP hits the U.S. charts. The gentle ballad "Without Your Love," a cover of a Billy Nicholls' song from Pete's Meher Baba tribute LP With Love, becomes Roger's biggest solo hit in the U.S. peaking at #20 in Billboard and #23 in Cash Box. The flip side is "Escape Part 1."

September 1981

New music releases: Strait Country - George Strait; Nine Tonight - Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band; Songs In The Attic - Billy Joel; Abacab - Genesis
Club For Heroes Club For Heroes

Early in the month Pete nearly dies at The Club for Heroes, a trendy nightspot where the elite old guard meet the new synth bands ruling the pop charts. Partying with Paul Weller and Steve Strange, Pete goes to the bathroom and accepts an injection of heroin. He quickly passes out and is deposited in his car by the club's bouncer. Pete's driver quickly realizes that something is terribly wrong and races Pete to the hospital by which time he has stopped breathing and has a weak pulse. The doctors revive him, narrowly averting Pete dying almost to the day of the third anniversary of Keith Moon's death.

On the 24th, Pete writes to Who manager Bill Curbishley saying he needs time off. Bill writes back the next day: "I feel it is definitely for the best, and I think you need a complete break of two or three months. Some sailing, tennis, sunshine wouldn't go amiss, and no dope, booze or [nighclubbing]. No London or New York and most of all you have to mean it."

September 1982

New music releases: Hank Williams Jr.'s Greatest Hits - Hank Williams, Jr.; "Rock the Casbah" - The Clash; Love Over Gold - Dire Straits; The Nylon Curtain - Billy Joel

Roger Daltrey tells Rolling Stone that the upcoming Who tour will be the last one as The Who need to step aside for newer acts.

It's Hard LP It's Hard LP

On the 3rd, The Who's last studio album for the next 24 years, It's Hard, is released. The reviews are wildly uneven. Parke Puterbaugh in Rolling Stone calls it The Who's best work since Who's Next. Joining him in that assessment is Lloyd Sachs in Chicago magazine and John Milward in High Fidelity. On the other end of the scale is Lynden Barber in Melody Maker ("rock 'n roll menopause"), Kurt Loder in Musician ("pure blather") and Jon Pareles in The New York Times ("Adolescence mars The Who's new disk"). The album peaks at #11 in the U.K. and #8 in the U.S.

Athena Canadian picture sleeve Athena Canadian picture sleeve

On the 4th, the first single from the new album, "Athena" backed with "It's Your Turn", hits the U.S. charts. It reaches #28 in Billboard and #31 in Cash Box. It is the last Who single to hit the American Top Forty.

The Who 1982 Birmingham ad The Who 1982 Birmingham ad

The Who start their tour with their only two dates in the U.K. at the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham on the 10th and 11th. The supporting act is Midnight Oil. These will be the last Who shows in the U.K. until Live Aid in 1985.

The Who 1982 promo shoot The Who 1982 promo shoot
Photo: Philip Kamen

On the 21st, The Who hold a press conference in Landover, Maryland as they begin their North American tour. The next day The Who record performance videos to promote "Eminence Front" and "It's Hard," the latter used in a television ad for Schlitz Beer.

Athena UK picture sleeve Athena UK picture sleeve

On the 25th, The Who's last single of new studio material released in Britain for the next 22 years hits store shelves. "Athena" backed with "A Man Is A Man," peaks at #40.

September 1983

New music releases: Sports - Huey Lewis & The News; The Big Chill - Various Artists; "Uptown Girl" - Billy Joel; Shout at the Devil - Mötley Crüe
The Relay issue 1 The Relay issue 1

On the 8th, the first issue of "The Definitive WHO Newsletter", The Relay is mailed out from its home base in Pennsylvania. Nancy Langfeld, Caryn Rose and their crew will keep Who fans up-to-date through the pre-Internet years.

Rolling Stone reports that, except for one lawsuit, the Cincinnati concert disaster case of 1979 has been settled out of court. Details of the settlement are never publicly announced.

Mo Ostin Mo Ostin

Pete has a meeting with Mo Ostin, chairman of Warner Brothers Records. Pete tells him he is incapable of writing another Who album and begs him to find a way to release The Who from their contract.

September 1984

New music releases: Mannheim Steamroller Christmas - Mannheim Steamroller; Suddenly - Billy Ocean; Stop Making Sense - Talking Heads; New Edition - New Edition

On the 14th, Roger is a presenter on the 1st MTV Video Awards. He wears a tux, smashes an acoustic guitar, and announces that Michael Jackson has won Best Video for "Thriller".

Refuge logo

Pete and his wife Karen become co-chairpersons of Chiswick Family Rescue, a battered women's refuge. Making friends with some of the women, Pete will be horrified by stories of childhood sexual abuse that led them to lifelong trauma and psychological disturbance.

September 1985

New music releases: In Square Circle - Stevie Wonder; Hounds of Love - Kate Bush; World Machine - Level 42; Alabama Christmas - Alabama
After The Fire picture sleeve After The Fire picture sleeve

On the 13th, the first single from Roger's solo album Under a Raging Moon is released in the U.K. The A-side, "After the Fire" is written by Pete who offers it to Roger after The Who fail to perform it at Live Aid. The B-side is "It Don't Satisfy Me" while the 12" version adds "Love Me Like You Do." In the U.K. charts the single peaks at #50. In the U.S. it peaks at #48 in Billboard and #59 in Cash Box.

September 1988

New music releases: New Jersey - Bon Jovi; ...and Justice For All - Metallica; Watermark - Enya; A Fresh Aire Christmas - Mannheim Steamroller
1988 Sotheby's auction catalog 1988 Sotheby's auction catalog

On the 12th, John auctions off his Rolls Royce Silver Estate and some of his bass guitars at a Rock & Roll Auction at Sotheby's. John nets £30,000. As he leaves the auction with his girlfriend, he says he is disappointed that the Rolls went for only £13,500. He also sells 12 of his bass guitars but says he still has 160 more at home. Although not announced at the time, John is auctioning items to pay a massive tax bill that threatens to bankrupt him.

In his recent autobiography, Pete revealed that during this month, he and Who manager Bill Curbishley explored the possibility of recording a new Who album. "My first suggestion to Bill was to make a record with Chris Thomas producing, and maybe record songs not written by me but selected among the favourites John, Roger and I might bring to the table. Bill approached MCA Records, who still owned the majority of The Who's back catalogue. They offered $1 million for a new record, which didn't seem enough to me...Chris Thomas's manager asked for a high percentage and a very large advance. Bill Price's engineering would cost at least as much over a twenty-four week schedule, possibly more. Studio charges, even if we used Eel Pie at cut rates, would take care of what was left."

On the 22nd, Bill Curbishley reports back to Pete about what he has learned by asking his promoter friends in the States: "Bill told me that most American promoters he'd spoken to thought there was no need for a new Who album... They predicted The Who would be the number one ticket in 1989, overtaking Led Zeppelin... The offers of sponsorship were very good, which meant we could afford to have a larger band like the one I'd used with Deep End, which had created an immensely forceful sound, but at decibel levels less than half those produced by The Who."

September 1989

New music releases: Pump - Aerosmith; Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 - Janet Jackson; Dr. Feelgood - Mötley Crüe; Foreign Affair - Tina Turner
Who ticket Sep 3, 1989 Who ticket Sep 3, 1989

The North American 25th Anniversary Who tour wraps up with a Texas swing as The Who and friends play the Houston Astrodome on the 2nd and finish up at the Dallas Cotton Bowl on the 3rd. This final show is later bootlegged under the titles Magic Bus and Where Are The Kids. Supporting The Who at both shows are Stevie Ray Vaughan & Double Trouble and The Fabulous Thunderbirds.

September 1998

New music releases: Dizzy Up the Girl - Goo Goo Dolls; Vol. 2... Hard Knock Life - Jay-Z; Step One - Steps; "...Baby One More Time" - Britney Spears
Windswept Pacific set Windswept Pacific set

During this month, Pete has a 3-CD retrospective of his music solo and with The Who pressed. Known as the Windswept Pacific set, it is designed to promote Pete's songs for use in film soundtracks and commercials.

September 2000

New music releases: Music - Madonna; Greatest Hits - Kenny Chesney; Aaron's Party (Come and Get It) - Aaron Carter; The Voice - Russell Wilson

On the 24th, after a week in the sun in Florida, Pete begins writing a radio play called The Boy Who Heard Music. The story climaxes at a benefit rock concert after New York City is attacked by terrorists.

On the 27th, Pete writes a long diary entry called "Dampa Tampa." Towards the end he levels a stinging attack on Rolling Stone for publishing an article listing all the times Pete had said he would never tour again with The Who: "Between 1982 when I left The Who (with Roger's uneasy blessing) and last year, there have been two reunions. Count them. Two. That is, one every nine years. Hardly a cynical exercise in comebacks whenever we needed to make money."

September 2001

New music releases: Silver Side Up - Nickleback; Toxicity - System of a Down; Greatest Hits - Martina McBride; Satellite - P.O.D.

On the 8th, Pete Townshend responds on his website to an angry letter by a fan denouncing him for allowing the song "Bargain" to be used selling Nissan SUV's: "...despite the enormous sums lavished on us, because of punitive U.K. taxes in our most exhaustively active years (98% at one point!), our fans didn't make us rich - not directly. If we are wealthy today it is because of the success of various major secondary 'Tommy' ventures, sponsorship during our 1982 Farewell and 1989 anniversary tours, TV and radio commercial and movie soundtrack licensing - and finally, back catalogue CD sales stimulated by the latter..."

September 2002

New music releases: ELV1S: 30 #1 Hits - Elvis Presley; Forty Licks - The Rolling Stones; Busted - Busted; "Sk8er Boi" - Avril Lavigne

On the 11th, the Las Vegas coroner releases his final report on John Entwistle's death. He confirms that John suffered a heart attack after taking cocaine. His night's companion, stripper Alycen Rowse, remembers his last words as a request that she not let him sleep on his back since fellow rock stars Jimi Hendrix and John Bonham had died choking on vomit in their sleep.

On the 14th, The Who return to play the date at the Hard Rock Hotel in Las Vegas that had to be postponed after John died there. They then proceed to another postponed show, the Verizon Wireless Amphitheatre in Irvine, California (15th), then the Greek Theatre in Los Angeles (17th) where a record is set with a gate of $795,000, the highest in the venue's history.

September 2005

New music releases: PCD - The Pussycat Dolls; How to Save a Life - The Fray; "Remember the Name" - Fort Minor featuring Styles of Beyond; Piece by Piece - Katie Melua

On the 21st, Rachel Fuller begins an online web series called In The Attic. The first show features her and her friend Mikey Cuthbert talking and playing songs in an upstairs room at Pete's house. Pete, sweaty from a bike ride, joins for the second half and performs "Heart to Hang Onto". Another show transmits on the 28th.

September 2006

New music releases: FutureSex/LoveSounds - Justin Timberlake; "Welcome to the Black Parade" - My Chemical Romance; The Dutchess - Fergie; B'Day - Beyoncé

The 14th is a busy day. Pete and Roger appear at Sirius Satellite Radio headquarters in New York to announce the new The Who Channel on Sirius, then it's over to Late Night with David Letterman to appear at the end of the show with the two performing "Man in a Purple Dress." It is the first appearance by an entity called "The Who" on a continuing U.S. television show since The Who's explosive performance on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour in 1967.

September 2008

New music releases: "Poker Face" - Lady Gaga; Only by the Night - Kings of Leon; "Love Story" - Taylor Swift; "Hot n Cold" - Katy Perry
Kennedy Center Honors logo

On the 9th, Roger Daltrey and Pete Townshend are announced as recipients of 2008 Kennedy Center Honors to be awarded at the White House. Pete responds, "This is a great thrill. Since The Who began in the early '60s we have loved American music and audiences and have made deep and lasting friendships with everyone involved in the industry there. Roger and I both feel our work in the United States has been as important as our work at home. Because our medium, rock music, is quintessentially American music with broad and deep international and multicultural roots, this honour is especially meaningful to us Brits." Roger Daltrey adds, "As a teenager growing up in the austerity of post war England, it was the music I heard emanating from America that gave me a dream to hang my life on. That dream was to make music and make it there. I am deeply touched at receiving this honour. The warmth and affection I feel from our US audience is humbling indeed. To be added to the list of past recipients of this award makes that dream come true."

On the 13th, Saturday Night Live pokes fun at the honors announcement by showing pictures of Pete and Roger alongside fellow recipients Morgan Freeman and Barbra Streisand, calling it "the worst version of The Who ever."

September 2012

New music releases: "Diamonds" - Rihanna; Night Visions - Imagine Dragons; "Don't You Worry Child" - Swedish House Mafia featuring John Martin; "Girl on Fire" - Alicia Keys

On the 25th, Mojo magazine reviews the forthcoming Pete autobiography Who I Am calling it "the most self-denigrating rock bio ever." Rolling Stone gives it four stars and says it "could be the most conflicted rock memoir of all time."

The Sunday Times Who I Am cover The Sunday Times Who I Am cover

On the 30th, The Sunday Times has a special section with revelations from Who I Am.

September 2013

New music releases: "Take Me to Church" - Hozier; AM - Arctic Monkeys; "My Nigga" - YG featuring Jeezy and Rich Homie Quan; Nothing Was the Same - Drake
Roger Daltrey GQ Awards 2013 Roger Daltrey GQ Awards 2013
Photo: David M. Benett

On the 3rd, Roger receives GQ Editor's Choice Award at the GQ Men of the Year Awards held at the Royal Opera House in London.

Wilko Johnson 2013 Wilko Johnson 2013

On the 18th, guitarist Wilko Johnson of Dr. Feelgood, who has told he only has a few months to live, announces that he is teaming up with Roger to record a final album. The two had met at an awards show (probably the GQ Awards above) and Wilko had proposed the album which Roger accepted.

September 2014

New music releases: "Thinking Out Loud" - Ed Sheeran; "Let It Go" - James Bay; "I Don't Fuck with You" - Big Sean featuring E-40; "Shut Up and Dance" - Walk the Moon

On the 24th, The Who's first new song since 2006, "Be Lucky", premiers on The Chris Evans Show. The Pete composition is based on a saying of Roger's and contains mentions of AC/DC and Daft Punk.

September 2015

New music releases: "7 Years" - Lukas Graham; Hamilton (Original Broadway Cast Recording) - Original Broadway Cast; "Cake by the Ocean" - DNCE; "Die a Happy Man" - Thomas Rhett

The Who were to have started the second leg of their Who Hits 50! North American tour at the Valley View Casino Center in San Diego on the 14th. However, that and all the following dates of the tour are relisted as postponed.

On the 18th, the reason for the postponed Who dates is revealed. Roger has been battling a case of viral Meningitis. The press release downplays the seriousness of the illness but Roger will later admit that he came close to losing his life to the disease.

September 2017

New music releases: "Perfect" - Ed Sheeran; "Rockstar" - Post Malone featuring 21 Savage; "Too Good at Goodbyes" - Sam Smith; "Truth Hurts" - Lizzo
Classic Quadrophenia Greek Theatre Classic Quadrophenia Greek Theatre
Photo: Michelle Shiers

On the 2nd Pete Townshend's Classic Quadrophenia with singer Alfie Boe, Billy Idol as The Bellboy and orchestral accompaniment is performed at the Tanglewood shed where The Who performed in 1969 and 1970. After that comes a two-night stand at another 1970 Who venue, the Metropolitan Opera in New York on the 9th and 10th. The mini-U.S. tour ends on the 16th at the Greek Theatre in Los Angeles.

On the afternoon before the Tanglewood show Pete, Alfie Boe, and Billy Idol hold a fundraiser at the Cancer Center at Berkshire Medical Center's Hillcrest campus raising $25,000.

On the 8th, The Waterboys release their album Out of All This Blue featuring the song "The Hammerhead Bar" about a visit to John Entwistle's home.

On the 19th, Pete Facebooks from São Paulo on the eve of rehearsals for The Who first tour of South America. "The obvious problem for me working in The Who is that I am constantly playing music I wrote a long time ago – most of it over 35 years ago. I’m lucky in many ways, but there is a little piece of me that has an unusually loud voice. When I’m on stage it sometimes says ' were so brilliant young Pete...'. At other times it says '...when are we going to play something difficult...?"

Roger Daltrey champagne Roger Daltrey champagne

On the 20th, Roger launches his Cuvée Roger Daltrey champagne at the home of Interfood businessman João Cury in São Paulo to raise money for the Teenage Cancer Trust. Pete, meanwhile, finally admits that he married long-time girlfriend Rachel Fuller the previous December. Fuller had already spilled the beans earlier in the year.

The Who Sao Paulo 2017 The Who Sao Paulo 2017
Photo: Mariana Pekin

On the 21st, The Who open their South American tour at Allianz Park in São Paulo, Brazil. On the 23rd they open for Guns 'n Roses at the Rock in Rio Festival at Barra Olympic Park in Rio de Janeiro.

On the 24th, Pete says on Facebook that he has donated $150,000 to people of Barbuda whose island was devastated by a recent hurricane.

The Who Santiago 2017 The Who Santiago 2017

Still opening for Guns 'n Roses, The Who finish up Brazil on the 26th at Anfiteatro Beira-Rio in Porto Alegre. On the 29th, they are in Chile performing at Estadio Monumental in Santiago.

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